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The northern part of Chad lies in the Sahara Desert where the highest mountains in the Sahara are located, the TIBESTI Mountains (3,415m), which are volcanic. Covering a large area not far from the northern borders with Libya and Niger this region is very rich in rock art sites. Most of the art here may date from between 9,000 years ago and 4,000 years ago while some of the large animal engravings may date back to 12,000 years or more. Like much of the Sahara, the Tibesti experienced dramatic climate change during this period resulting in an influx of wildlife and human populations from the Middle East. The majority of the rock art here dates from these times before the inhabitants were forced to leave their lands and move to the Nile Valley or other areas with more water. To the south-east of these mountains is another mountain range known as the Ennedi. It is an ancient eroded sandstone plateau around 35,000 square kilometres in extent. This is another rich rock art region although most of the art is more recent. Some of the most interesting parts here, for instance, is from the horse period some of it probably made during the last 2,000 years. There is also a lot of art from the Pastoral period which preceded and also overlapped with the horse art.


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Some general hints:

1. Use the appropriate medium in preliminary work: pencils for a small and/or detailed sketch, chalks or pastel for the broader sketch.

2. Ensure the lighting helps to give strength, solidity and character to the face. It is very difficult to capture a full face likeness if the lighting and fe…
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What is Drawing

This simple is the art of using lines to create, depict or represent images or objects in a visual form.
Therefore, drawing is a visual art, it must be visible i.e one must see. The term drawing is applied to works that vary greatly in technique. It has been understood in different ways at different times and is difficult to define. During the Renaissance the term 'disegno' implied drawing both as a technique to be distinguished from colouring and also as the creative idea made visible in the preliminary sketch.

The Shorter Oxford Dictionary defines drawing as:

    'the formation of a line by drawing some tracing instrument from point to point of a surface; representation by lines; delineation as distinguished from painting...the arrangement of lines which determine form.'

Despite this insistence on the formation of line and the implied lack of colour, few would deny that a work formed by dot…